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In 2002, when the American girl party first came to the United States expensive Chinese, started modern dance studies, when the vast majority of Chinese people still do not know what modern dance is.
“I told them I was studying modern dance, and a lot of people would ask, ‘Do you mean hip-hop?’ Or ‘Are you talking about a disco in a bar?’ Now I’m talking to others about modern dance , people will say: ‘Oh, you mean Pina Bausch • right?’ or ‘are you saying that Beijing modern dance Company do?’ this change is surprising. Chinese people’s understanding of modern dance more than ever , And the audience is also growing.
She later set up a company called Ping Pong, which aims to develop cultural exchange programs and promote cooperation between Chinese and international artists and art organizations.
Modern dance in China’s development history can be traced back to the Qing Dynasty. At that time, the daughter of the Chinese ambassador to France Yurong Ling, with his father in Paris, met the visiting American modern dance founder Isadora Duncan, thanks to Duncan as a teacher. After returning home, she became an Empress Dowager Cixi an Imperial official for the Empress had performed modern dance, called “new dance.”
According to Cao Chengyuan, founder of the Hong Kong City Contemporary Dance Company and founder of the Beijing Modern Troupe, the distance between modern dance and the public has been far away due to the suppression of body, individual and individuality in Chinese culture over the past century. Until recent years, modern dance in China’s infrastructure has undergone great changes, the Chinese audience began to gradually become familiar with this art category.
In the past, the Government only supported those state-run dance troupes, independent artists and unregistered troupes without the means to apply for subsidy. Nowadays, the government gradually realized that the world has a strong interest in contemporary China, including its modern culture and thought. So in the past five years, the government began to give independent modern dance companies to provide more and more support. This year in July, the unregistered independent dance troupe body theater to go to New York’s Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, there is a funding from the China Association for Cultural Exchanges.
Fang Meang said that the Chinese government’s attitude towards modern dance is very obvious. In the past, the government considered modern dance to be a category of foreign art, either as dangerous or as unrelated to China. Now, they are willing to fund independent artists to perform abroad.
“First of all, you have to change attitudes before you can change the whole system.” On some individual examples, the infrastructure of Chinese modern dance has changed, but its systems and funding mechanisms are still evolving among.
At present, many small and medium-sized modern dance companies are not registered can not apply for government funds. But once they are registered, they will pay a large sum of tax, which may be more than they get from the government subsidies.
“The government has been providing financial support for some projects over the past year, but they only support big projects,” he said. “This is changing and if you only support big projects, modern dance will not be a market.” Just like a forest, you can not only have big trees, otherwise it is unhealthy.You have to have large commercial performances, but also small experimental performances, in short, to have diversity.
Like other independent modern dance companies, Tao Body Theater has been established since 2008, has been relying on international tours to maintain the dance’s survival and development. In 2010, it was introduced to the American Dance Festival for the first time, after which it received an increasing number of invitations from dance festivals around the world. These international tours have enabled the body theater to afford the daily expenses of the dance company, including five actors per person per month 3,000 yuan ($ 476) in wages.
Last September, Tao body theater into a studio located in Chaoyang District, Beijing 318 International Art District, a studio. From the city center to the studio to transfer at least three times the subway and a bus. Studio area of 280 square meters, the rent is 80,000 yuan a year.
Before they rented the studio, the troupe actors can only play guerrilla warfare, every day from east to west, in Beijing and the Sixth Ring Road between the Fifth Ring Road, looking for rent from their rehearsal venue. The founder of the company said it was difficult to find such a place because it was very expensive. According to his estimate, in order to find a dance school in Beijing near the rehearsal of about 200 square meters, the rent is about 5,000 yuan a day. Even cheap rehearsal hall one day to 300-500 yuan, and those places where every day there are a lot of crew in the grab, there must be a very strong relationship to grab.
In order to find a cheap venue, the furthest to go over Zhuozhou. There’s a 100-square-meter, rehearsal room with wood flooring that costs five dollars a day. It was the most difficult time for the dance company. There are two or three weeks to mold and other actors to spend five hours a day on the road.
In addition to the rehearsal hall, renting theaters in the country is also very expensive. According to the introduction, in the People’s Liberation Army opera 3 hours to 40,000 dollars, not including lights, plastic, air conditioning, posters, publicity and other expenses. This down even three days to play two to three hundred thousand. If not tickets, three days to a total of more than 1000 people have been good. In the theater of modern dance, fares generally from 80 yuan to 320 yuan range. According to the agreement between the dance company and the theater, the Tao body theater sometimes gets 10% of the box office, sometimes 40% or even 50% of the box office. Mold said, so doing, to play a to lose hundreds of thousands. He said: “So modern dance in the domestic performance is losing money.
Although the number of modern dance audiences in China has increased in recent years, the overall number is still limited. According to Cao Chengyuan estimates, such a big city in Beijing, will buy a ticket to watch modern dance not more than 3000. In his view, “modern dance is always a small minority of art, no matter how the promotion is limited.
Beijing Leidong Tianxia modern dance troupe in the National Theater theater performances, 500 tickets all sold out; in the Haidian Theater, 1200 seats are often full. But they can only play one, played two games would not dare, because there is no audience.
“Modern dance is a new art category with a limited audience, and if there are no audiences, the theater will not be able to perform this kind of performance, but how can we develop the audience if there is no performance?
In China, despite the modern dance performances, theater and the audience has formed a vicious circle between the relationship, the industry still believes that modern dance in China has great potential for development.
Over the past decade, there has been an increasing number of freelance dancers and small independent dance companies in China, which were not previously available. Modern Dance Company began from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou to Henan Zhengzhou, Hunan and other second-tier cities such as Changde expansion. Guangxi University, Jiangxi Normal University and some other comprehensive universities have opened a dance department. Students use modern techniques more to express their lives.
From Hong Kong to the second and third tier cities, modern dance is in fact following the social changes in China. Cao Chengyuan that the emergence of modern dance, is always in a social and economic development, and culture has not kept up with the time. During this period a group of artists is very depressed, need to find a channel to show themselves. Today, modern dance in China is the state to go up.
“I often tell people that modern dance for us in China, is our Renaissance.” Cao Chengyuan said.
“Chinese culture has a lot of text culture, not the body culture. May be influenced by Confucianism, we Chinese people have been less concerned about our body.But another source of Chinese culture – the Taoist culture is very concerned about the body Now, after China ‘s reform and opening – up, people are relatively free, and modern dance is probably the symbol of the Chinese Renaissance.
Gao Yanzi, artistic director of the Beijing Modern Dance Company, said she was particularly confident in doing modern dance and modern dance in China. “I am confident that China needs to know what modern art is,” she said. “This is the time when China has so many people and so many viewers that they have not seen modern dance, how can they say that modern dance has no market China is actually a huge dance market, and to develop this market, we have good works and good performances.
Molded that, so far the Chinese audience has not seen the real power, influential works. Some choreographers put the confusion and stress they bring to their works, allowing actors to shout, shave, and go mad on stage. So that the emotional vent to look at the audience very uncomfortable, I feel very depressed.
As a result of shoddy works, many modern dance and dancers gradually be eliminated. It is estimated that the current domestic professional dance do not more than 100 people.
In his view, Chinese modern dance in foreign countries, unlike some Western media reports so developed. It is getting more and more international attention is due to China’s economic and influence growth. 2008-09, there are many arts festivals and foundations in China looking for young artists, want them to do some anti-country theme to get abroad to play. Tao declined these invitations because he felt that his art was not to do this.
“It ‘s the most important thing you have to do to follow this time, and it’ s important for an artist to think about what is happening and what ‘s changing and where you are in the right place.