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[Financial new network] (Reporter Liu Fang Yuan new) Moderator Welcome to “Media Chronicle.” In 1971, in the “New York Times”, “Washington Post” and the United States government had a struggle between. Eventually, the court ruled that the media publish the Pentagon top secret acts of innocence. Justice Murray Gaffaine said: a mature democratic government, should tolerate “a constant finding fault of the press, a stubborn stubborn press, a ubiquitous media.” In early June, the drama “top secret: Pentagon top secret file battle” in Beijing and other major cities staged. This drama is precisely this story.
The explanation is in 1967, the then US Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara out of “retirement and reflect on history,” the purpose, after 20 years of combing the history of American policy in Vietnam. Two years later, the project completed the 47-volume report, which contained a large number of government original documents. These documents are called “Pentagon documents”, included in the “top secret” rating.
[ “Top secret: top-secret Pentagon documents war” producer Susan Weinberg] Luo disclosed the Pentagon’s top secret documents in history, a period of real history, a section was about how we hide to war, how the cast under a big mistake History. It can help us avoid the same stupid mistakes in the next stage, not just share it with the public.
The explanation military analyst Ayers Berg worked at RAND think tank, read all the documents, the determination of the US government to disclose to the public all sorts of lies. He handed over 4,000 pages of documents without state secrets to the New York Times. After spending three months studying the material, the New York Times published a series of reports on June 13, 1971. After three reports, the report was stopped by the court. Ailsiboge unwilling, in turn send the material to other media. Among them, “Washington Post” rapid response, immediately issued a report. The New York Times and the Washington Post were sued by the government for denying the Justice Department’s request to suspend the report.
[ “Top secret: top-secret Pentagon documents war” producer Susan Luo Weinberg] Obviously, the “top secret” depicts one of the landmark moments in the history of US News. Journalists and the government’s mission is different, often in conflict. They have different tasks and jobs. The government wants to hide a lot of things, but the media want to let the public know what the truth is, so there is a contradiction. So, the most important thing is to have system security. In this case, when the government believes that it is right, the Washington Post believes firmly in the public’s right to know that it is based on evidence.
The explanation is the final nine justices of the US Supreme Court to six to three overwhelming majority ruled that two newspapers guilty. Justice Hugo Blake said in the ruling that the ban on the New York Times and the Washington Post each offend one second is an offense to the First Amendment. The First Amendment protects freedom of speech and of the press. When the “Pentagon document” is being disclosed, the US anti-war noise into the climax. In 1975, the US government announced the end of the Vietnam War. More than 1.6 million Vietnamese died in the war, and more than 5.6 million people were killed and more than 300,000 wounded in the United States.
The story of the history of the top secret: “Pentagon secret file of the war” from the date of birth for the Americans to sound the alarm watch the government. Gulf War, the United States and Iraq when the war, this drama has triggered a watch boom.
[ “Top secret: top-secret Pentagon documents war” producer Susan Luo Weinberg] This is also a drama about how the media decision-making and risk assessment. I think judgment is particularly critical in today’s times. In 1971, there was no network, no wiki leaks, no microblogs, no Twitter, no Google, no quick access to information. But now there are citizen journalists, the system becomes more simple, any information can be spread in the world within a few seconds. Therefore, the decision-making and professional journalists decision-making is increasingly important.
The explanation is in 2011, “top secret: top-secret Pentagon documents war” landing in Beijing. China has become the only overseas play staged the country. In 2013, the “top secret” tour again. In addition to the previous north wide, Tianjin, Chongqing, Suzhou and Fuling viewers also watched the play.
[ “Top secret: top-secret Pentagon documents war” producer Susan Luo Weinberg] I think, is closely related to the drama with Chinese audiences. Obviously, the Chinese audience after watching the play, will begin to think about their own situation. And also understand a truth, in the United States is not can do whatever they want. Therefore, not to say that the United States is an excellent location for information disclosure. The conflict between the government and the media is always on.
The explanation is performed immediately, a new round of confrontation between the Government and the news is being staged. In early June, US Department of Homeland Security staff Edward Snowden disclosed in the Guardian the “prism plan” that the US government was monitoring through Internet companies. It is not difficult to find that this leak and 40 years ago, the Pentagon top secret file case has striking similarities, Snowdon and Aiersibo are master core secret government staff, they are exposed to the former secret President, the media also play an important role in the fermentation of the event. The future “prism door” evolution of the idea may also be hidden in the “Pentagon top secret file” case into.
[Moderator] In the “top-secret Pentagon files” case, the final judicial support of the press to defend the freedom of speech, truth be made public. “The only thing that can really constrain strong administration is the enlightened, well-informed citizenry,” said Potter Stewart, the Justice in charge of the final decision. “There is not one free, well-informed Of the press, there can be no out of ignorance of the people. “Well, thanks to watch this program. I’m Zhang Jie. Let ‘s have the next program.